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AKASHVANI SAMACHAR BHARTI 2017

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All donations towards the Prime Minister's National Relief Fund(PMNRF) and the National Defence Fund(NDF) are notified for 100% deduction from taxable income under Section 80G of the Income Tax Act,1961


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 About Us Back 

 

       (India's Public Service Broadcaster)

        News Services Division: All India Radio

         (Reference and PP&D Unit)
         NBH, Parliament Street, New Delhi

 

Fact sheet

News Services Division

Living up to its noble ideals of “Bahujan Hitaya, Bahujan Sukhaya”, the News Services Division (NSD) of AIR strives to provide news and views to every dweller in this vast country in varied terrains, 24X7, in all major languages and dialects, while adhering to highest professional ethics and standards in Radio Broadcasting.

SET UP OF NSD

The News Services Division is headed by a Director General (News), who is one of the senior most officers of the Indian Information Service.  He is assisted by a team of Additional Directors General (News), Directors (News) and Joint Directors (News), Deputy Directors (News), Asstt. Directors (News), News Editors and Reporters etc. The different operational wings of NSD at headquarters in Delhi include: General News Room, Hindi News Room, Reporting Unit, Talks and Current Affairs Unit, Newsreel Unit, Indian Language Units, Reference and PP&D Unit, IT & Website unit and Administrative Wing.  The Regional News Units in various States are headed by an officer of the rank of Director or Deputy Director/Assistant Director and assisted by News Editors, Reporters and Newsreaders-cum-Translators.

 

EARLY HISTORY

The history of news broadcasting in India is much older than that of All India Radio. The first news bulletin in the country went on the air from the Bombay Station on July 23, 1927 under a private company, the Indian  Broadcasting Company. A month later on August 26, 1927 another bulletin in Bengali was started from the Calcutta Station.  Until 1935, two bulletins, one each in English and Hindustani were broadcast from Bombay and a bulletin in Bengali was broadcast from Calcutta.  The Indian Broadcasting Company went into liquidation in March, 1930 following which broadcasting came under the direct control of the Government of India.  The service was designated as the Indian State Broadcasting Service.  It was renamed All India Radio on June 8, 1936.    

 

DEVELOPMENT 

The real breakthrough in news broadcasting came after January 1936 when the first news bulletin from the Delhi Station went on the air on January 19, 1936 coinciding with the starting of its transmission.  Besides, news bulletins in English and Hindustani, talks on current affairs were also started from the Station in both the languages.

The Central News Organization was set up on August 1, 1937.  Mr. Charles Barnes took charge as the first News Editor in September and he later became the first Director of News.  The outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 gave an impetus to the development of the Organization.  The Monitoring Service was set up in 1939 to monitor foreign broadcasts.  In 1943, the External Broadcast Unit was set up under the Director of News.  By 1945, the Central News Organization was handling news bulletins in different Indian languages as well as in the External Services. After Independence, news broadcasts of AIR grew both in quantity and quality. More emphasis was laid on national and regional news bulletins.

 

SOURCE OF NEWS 

The bulk of AIR news comes from its own Correspondents spread all over the country.  It has more than 81 regular Correspondents in India and abroad at Colombo, Dhaka, Dubai and Kathmandu. Apart from this, AIR has over 520 Part-time Correspondents based at nearly all district headquarters.  The PTCs are to meet the requirements of Doordarshan News also. NSD subscribes to the news wire agencies – UNI, PTI and their corresponding Hindi services – Univarta and Bhasha. 


OUTPUT

—  607 bulletins daily in 92 languages/dialects

—  Foreign language bulletins in Arabic, Baluchi, Burmese, Dari, French, Indonesia,  Persian, Pashtu, Russian, Sinhala, Swahili, Tibetan, Thai, Chinese etc.

—  Over 60 hours of total daily broadcast of news bulletins and current affairs programs

—  Special bulletins/programmes during elections, budgets, sessions of parliament/state legislatures

—  Radio Plus: News on Website, News on Social Media- Facebook, Twitter, Soundcloud, YouTube & Instagram.

 

NEWS BULLETINS

A.     Total daily Broadcast duration of News Bulletins and News Based Programmes from NSD and RNUs

 

Bulletins

Number of Bulletins

Duration    (daily in minutes)

Language(s)/Dialects

Hourly Bulletins, Regional bulletins, External bulletins, FM headlines bulletins etc from NSD and RNUs.

607

3150 mts

(52 hrs 30 mts)

92

(NSD – 129)

 

 

(RNU – 478)

NSD: 846 mts

(14 hrs 06 mts)

 

RNUs: 2304 mts

(38 hrs 24 mts)

News based programmes- NSD HQ

(Approximate)

6-9

180 mts

(03 hrs)

 

News based programmes- RNUs

(Approximate)

35-40

280 mts

(04 hrs 40 mts)

 

Total broadcast time from NSD + RNUs

                   3610 mts

               (60 hrs 10 mts)

           

B.       Details of News Bulletins from NSD HQ. (Delhi)

 

News Bulletins

Number of Bulletins

Duration    (daily in minutes)

Language(s)/Dialects

Ø  Hourly Bulletins (Home)

44



285 mts

English- 21

Hindi- 23

Ø   External Bulletins

15

117 mts

English- 10

Hindi- 05

Ø  Indian Language Bulletins

      (Home and External)

23

212 mts

Nepali (04), Kashmiri (02), Sanskrit (02), Punjabi (04), Urdu (11)

Ø  Foreign Language Bulletins

(Overseas Services)

23

208 mts

Arabic (3), Baluchi (1),  Burmese (1), Dari (2), French (1), Indonesia (1), Persian (3), Pashtu (3), Russian (1), Sinhala (2), Swahili (1), Tibetan (2), Thai (1), Chinese (1) 

Ø  FM Headlines

24

24 mts

English, Hindi

Total (daily)-Bulletins

129 Bulletins

846 minutes

(14 hrs 06 mts)

 

Total (daily)-News based programmes (Approximate)

6-9

180 mts

English, Hindi

Total daily broadcast time from NSD HQ

                   1026 minutes

              (17 hrs 06 mts)

 


C.        Regional Bulletins

Regional news bulletins were introduced in the early fifties.  The first such news bulletins were broadcasted in April, 1953 from Lucknow and Nagpur Stations.  In 1954-55, Regional News Units were set up at Bombay, Madras and Calcutta.  This went on steadily and at present there are 47 Regional News Units functioning in different parts of the country.  478 news bulletins in 77 regional languages/dialects including English and Hindi are being broadcast from RNUs for a duration of nearly 38 hours. These include 255 headlines bulletins on FM and other frequencies.

 

Details of Bulletins and Current Affairs Programmes of  RNUs

Total No. of RNUs - 47

 

News Bulletins:-

News Bulletins from RNU

Number

Duration    (daily in minutes)

Language(s)/Dialects

(a)                Regional Bulletins

176

1339

77

(b)               National bulletins

35

345

#Kannada, Telugu, and Sindhi

* Assamese, Odia, Malayalam, Tamil, Marathi, Gujarati, Dogri, Arunachali (Hindi/English), Bangla,

@Konkani

(c)                FM Headlines

255

505

17

    (c)   External Bulletins  in Indian Languages

12

115

Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Malyalam, Gujarati, Sindhi and Bangla            7

Total (daily)

478

2304

 

 


Programmes:-


News based progammes

Number per year

Duration    (in hours)

Language(s)/Dialects

(a)                News Reel

2132

538

15

(b)               District News Letter

5468

507

16

     (c ) News Commentary

2236

203

10

      (d ) Others

2884

458

 

17

Total (per year)

12720

1706

 

Total (per month)

1060

140

 

Total (daily)-News based programmes (Approximate)

35-40

4 hrs 40 mts

 

 

NEWS BASED PROGRAMMES 

During February 1936, talks on current topics were introduced for the first time in English.  In September that year, talks on current topics in Hindustani were added.  Later ‘Topics for Today’ and ‘Focus’ on matters of current interests were introduced on 26th October, 1962.  In 1967, the programmes ''Topic for Today'' and ''Focus'' were renamed as ''Spotlight and ''Current Affairs''.

 


News based programmes broadcast from NSD HQ.

Daily

S. No

Name of Programme

Frequency

 

Time of broadcast

Duration

Language

Name of Channel

1

Spotlight

Daily

2115-2130 hrs.

15 mts.

English

Rajdhani

2

News Analysis 

Daily

2115-2130 hrs.

15 mts.

English

FM Gold

3

Samayiki

Daily

1935-1945 hrs.

10 mts.

Hindi

Indraprastha

4

Market Mantra                   

Daily

1830-1900 hrs.

30 mts.

Bilingual

FM Gold

5

Sports Scan

Daily

2030-2045 hrs.

15 mts.

Bilingual

FM Gold

6

 Newsreel (Mon/Tue/Thu/

Sat)/

Samachar Darshan

(Wed/Fri/Sun)

Daily

2020-2030 hrs.

 

10 mts.

 

English/

Hindi

Rajdhani

 

7

Press Comments

Daily

1750-1755 hrs

05 mts.

English

Rajdhani

8

Parikarma

(News Magazine Programme)

Daily

1630-1700 hrs

30 mts.

Bilingual

FM Gold

9

Aaj Savere 

(News Magazine Programme)

Daily

0730-0800 hrs.

30 mts.

Bilingual

FM Gold

10

Gulf Charcha

Daily

2200-2205 hrs

05 mts.

Hindi

ESD Hindi Service

Weekly

11

Public Speak

Monday

2130-2205 hrs

35 mts.

Bilingual

FM Gold

12

Vaad- Samvaad 

Tuesday

2145-2200 hrs

15 mts.

Hindi

FM Gold

13

Money Talk

Tuesday

2130-2145 hrs.

15 mts.

English

FM Gold

14

Charcha ka Vishai hai

Wednesday

2130-2200 hrs.

30 mts.

Hindi

Indraprastha/

FM Gold

15

Surkhiyon Mein

Thursday

2145-2200 hrs.

15mts.

Hindi

FM Gold

16

Country Wide

Thursday

2130-2145 hrs.

15mts.

Bilingual

FM Gold

17

Current Affairs

Friday

2130-2200 hrs.

30 mts.

English

Rajdhani/

FM Gold

 

Total

 

 

320 mts (5 hrs 20 mts)

 

 

 

COVERAGE OF PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS 

The daily and weekly reviews of the proceedings in Parliament during the sessions were introduced on February 14, 1961 in English and Hindi.  The daily review called ‘Today in Parliament’ in English and ‘Sansad Sameeksha’ in Hindi has two parts, one on the proceedings in the Lok Sabha and the other on those in the Rajya Sabha.  The weekly review in English – ‘This week in Parliament’ and that in Hindi ‘ Is Saptah Sansad Main’ – sums up the important highlights of the proceedings in both Houses during the preceding week.

The broadcast of the daily and ‘Weekly Reviews’ of the proceedings of the State legislatures, when they are in session, were started in 1971-72 in the respective regional languages.  A review of the ‘Proceedings of the Delhi Assembly’ was started from December 14, 1993.

 

RADIO NEWSREEL 

Radio Newsreel was started on December 10, 1955 both in English (Radio Newsreel) and Hindi (Samachar Darshan) from Delhi.  Newsreel in English is broadcast on Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday while Samachar Darshan is broadcast on Wednesday, Friday and Sunday.  Some Regional News Units also put out regional Newsreels in the respective regional languages.       

 

SOCIAL MEDIA

The NSD, AIR has been expanding its presence year after year, across various domains with the aim to disseminate news to the public and reaching diverse cross sections of the society. NSD, AIR has embraced new technologies and practices, since last three years,  to add to its traditional platform and disseminate News and Discussion Programmes on New Media applications, including Social Media, as Radio+..

Since three years, the News Services Division has substantially increased its presence on the social media viz Website, Facebook, Twitter, Soundcloud, YouTube & Instagram and has crossed major milestones in reaching out to audience far and wide.

 

Twitter

Started in January, 2013

Over 1.79 million followers

Facebook

Started in June, 2013

3.2 million followers on NSD facebook accounts

Website

More than 15.6 million visits per month.

Sound Cloud

Started in 2014

Over 15 thousand followers

 

 

 

Languages of Bulletins

Languages of News bulletins of Eighth Schedule of Constitution of India: (Total Languages- 22)

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam,   Manipuri, Marathi, Maithili, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.

 

Other Indian Languages Bulletins: (Total Languages- 5)

Bhojpuri, Chhattisgarhi, English, Ladakhi, Rajasthani.

 

Bulletins in Dialects : (Total Dialects- 51)

Angami, Adi, Adi(Galo), Apatani, Ao, Balti, Bhojpuri, Bhutia, Chakhesang, Chang,  Dimasa, Garo, Gojri, Hmar, Ho, Idu, Jaintia, Kabui, Karbi, Khasi, Khampti, Khiamnugan, Konyak, Kokborok, Kuki, Kurukh, Lepcha, Lotha, Mao, Miju Mishmi Wancho, Mundari, Mizo,  Nagamese, Nagpuri, Nocte, Nyshi, Paite, Pahari, Phom, Purgee, Rengma, Sangtam, Sambalpuri, Sema, Thadou, Tangkhul, Tangin, Tangsa, Tulu, Yimchungru, Zeilang.

 

Bulletins in  Foreign Languages: (Total Languages- 14)

Arabic, Baluchi, Burmese, Chinese, Dari, French, Indonesia, Persian, Pashto, Russian, Sinhala, Swahili, Tibetan, Thai.

 

News Schedule

Schedule of daily news bulletins from Delhi alongwith their channel of broadcast

ENGLISH

S. No.

Time (Hrs.)

Duration

Channel

1.

0000-0005

05 mts.

Rajdhani/FM Gold

2.

0105-0110

05 mts.

National (MW)

3.

0200-0205

05 mts.

FM Gold

4.

0305-0310

05 mts.

National (MW)

5.

0400-0405

05 mts.

FM Gold

6.

0505-0510

05 mts.

National (MW)

7.

0605-0610

05 mts.

Rajdhani/ FM Gold

8.

0815-0830

15 mts.

Rajdhani/ FM Gold

9.

0905-0910

05 mts.

Rajdhani

10.

1005-1010

05 mts.

Rajdhani

11

1200-1205

05mts.

Indraprastha/ FM Gold

12.

1300-1305

05 mts.

Rajdhani/ FM Gold

13.

1400-1415

15 mts.

Rajdhani/ FM Gold

14

1500-1505

05 mts

FM Gold

15.

1600-1605

05 mts.

Rajdhani/ FM Gold

16.

1705-1710

05 mts.

Rajdhani

17.

1800-1805

05 mts.

Rajdhani

18.

2000-2005

05 mts.

RN

19.

2005-2010  

05 mts. (Sports)

RN

20.

2100-2115

15 mts.

Rajdhani/FM Gold

21.

2300-2305

05 mts.

Rajdhani

Total

21 Bulletins

135 mts

(02 hours 15 mts)

 

 

HINDI

S. No.

Time (Hrs.)

Duration

Channel

1.

0005-0010

05 mts.

Indraprastha/ FM Gold

2.

0100-0105

05 mts.

FM Gold

3.

0205-0210

05 mts.

National (MW)

4.

0300-0305

05 mts.

FM Gold

5.

0405-0410

05 mts.

National (MW)

6.

0500-0505

05 mts.

FM Gold

7.

0600-0605

05 mts.

Indraprastha/ FM Gold

8.

0700-0705

05 mts.

Indraprastha/ FM Gold

9.

0800-0815

15 mts.

Indraprastha/

FM Gold

10.

0900-0905

05 mts.

Indraprastha

11

1000-1005

05 mts.

Indraprastha

12.

1100-1105

05 mts.

Indraprastha/ FM Gold

13.

1205-1210

05 mts.

FM Gold

14

1305-1310

05 mts.

Indraprastha

15.

1415-1430

15 mts.

Indraprastha/ FM Gold

16.

1700-1705

05 mts.

Indraprastha

17.

1805-1810

05 mts.

Indraprastha

18.

1900-1905

05 mts.

Indraprastha

19.

1905-1910

05mts. (Sports)

FM Gold

20

1950-2000

10 mts. *(Pradeshik)

Indraprastha

21.

2045-2100

15 mts.

Indraprastha

22.

2200-2205

05 mts.

FM Gold

23.

2305-2310

05 mts.

Indraprastha

Total

23 bulletins

150 mts

 (02 hours 30 minutes)

 


 

Indian Languages Bulletins from NSD, HQ.

Sr.No.

Unit

No. of bulletins

Bulletins

Duration

Total Broadcast Time

1

NEPALI

4

0750-0800

10 min (ext)

40 min

1230-1240

10 min (ext)

1925-1935

10 min

1950-2000

10 min (ext)

2

KASHMIRI

2

0745-0755

10 min

25 min

1825-1840

15 min

 

3

SANSKRIT

2

0655-0700

5 min

10 min

1810-1815

5 min

 

4

PUNJABI

4

0830-0840

10 min

35 min

1340-1350

10 min

1840-1845

05 min (ext)

1930-1940

10 min

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

URDU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

0615-0625

10 min (ext)

 

 

 

 

 

 

102 min

 (1 Hour 42 min)

0850-0905

15 min

0930-0933

03 min (ext)

1350-1400

10 min

1402-1407

05 min (ext)

1650-1700

10 min (ext)

2000-2010

10 min (ext)

2116-2130

14 min

2145-2155

10 min (ext)

2300-2310

10 min (ext)

0055-0100

05 min (ext)

 

 

Total

 

23 bulletins

 

 

212 mts 

(3 hrs 32 mts)

 

* Haj Bulletin of 05 minutes duration is also broadcast during Haj period for two months (1110-1115).

 

Details of External English News Bulletins broadcast by NSD HQ

 

(English)

Sr. No.

Time

Duration

1.

0600-0605

05 mts

2.

1530-1540

10 mts

3.

1625-1627

02 mts

4.

1900-1910

10 mts

5.

2025-2030

05 mts

6.

2330-2340

10 mts

7.

0030-0035

05 mts

8.

0230-0235

05 mts

9.

0330-0340

10 mts

10.

0430-0440

10 mts

Total

10 Bulletins

72 mts

(1 hour 12 mts)

* SAARC bulletin of 5 minutes duration is broadcast on Sunday only from 2030-2035 hrs.

 

Details of External Hindi News Bulletins broadcast by NSD HQ

(Hindi)

Sr. No.

Time

Duration

1.

0130-0140

10 mts

2.

0435-0445

10 mts

3.

0850-0900

10 mts

4.

1035-1040

05 mts

5.

2150-2200

10 mts

Total

05 Bulletins

45 mts

 

Foreign  Language Bulletins which are compiled by NSD, AIR in English and broadcast by ESD, AIR

Sr. No.

Language

Time

Duration

1.

Arabic

1020-1030

1755-1759 (News Briefs)

0110-0114 (News Briefs)

10 mts

04 mts

04 mts

2.

Baluchi

2032-2040

08 mts

3.

Burmese

1746-1756

10 mts

4

Chinese

1745-1755

10 mts

5.

Dari

0835-0845

1846-1855

10 mts

09 mts

6.

French

0120-0130

10 mts

7.

Indonesia

1416-1425

09 mts

8.

Persian

0935-0945

2150-2200

2255-2259 (News Flash)

10 mts

10 mts

04 mts

9.

Pushtu

0750-8000

1950-2000

2055-2059 (News Flash)

10 mts

10 mts

04 mts

10.

Russian

2200-2217

17 mts

11.

Sinhala

1905 – 1915

2010 - 2015

10 mts

05 mts

12.

Swahili

2110-2117

07 mts

13.

Thai

1650-1700

10 mts

14.

Tibetan

1800-1817

1845-1855

17 mts

10 mts

Total

 

23 Bulletins

208 mts

(3 hours 28 mts)

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News-based Programmes
:: Daily Broadcast ::
Market Mantra Daily Broadcast ProgrammeMarket Mantra (20 Apr)
Samayiki Daily Broadcast ProgrammeSamayiki (20 Apr)
Sports Scan Daily Broadcast ProgrammeSports Scan (20 Apr)
Spotlight Daily Broadcast ProgrammeSpotlight/News Analysis (20 Apr)
:: Weekly Broadcast ::
Public Speak Weekly Broadcast ProgrammePublic Speak (16 Apr)
Country wide Weekly Broadcast ProgrammeCountry wide (19 Apr)
Surkhiyon mein Weekly Broadcast ProgrammeSurkhiyon mein (19 Apr)
Charcha Ka Vishai Hai Weekly Broadcast ProgrammeCharcha Ka Vishai Hai (18 Apr)
Vaad-Samvaad Weekly Broadcast ProgrammeVaad-Samvaad (17 Apr)
Money Talk Weekly Broadcast ProgrammeMoney Talk (17 Apr)
Current Affairs Weekly Broadcast ProgrammeCurrent Affairs (20 Apr)

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